Management Discussion & Analysis
The "Heart and Soul" Of A Company's Disclosure Requirements CPE = 1.5
Management Discussion and Analysis, typically referred to as MD&A, is the portion of a public company's annual report (or quarterly filing) where management addresses the company’s performance. It is intended to be a narrative explanation of the financial statements and statistical data the Registrant believes will enhance a readers' understanding of its financial condition along with results of operation. Management discussion and analysis is one of many sections required by the SEC and the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) to be included in a public company’s annual report to shareholders. The SEC has repeatedly stated, MD&A is the "heart and soul" of a company's disclosure requirements under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. It is a crucial component in increasing the transparency of a company's financial performance and providing investors with the ability to evaluate the company on an informed basis.
- CFO’s and CEO’s
- Board of Directors
- Public Accounting Auditors
- Finance and Accounting Professionals
- Compliance Professionals
- Identify the purpose and objectives of MD&A
- Understand the typical components included in MD&A
- Identify the updated objective of MD&A disclosures
- Examine details of final amendments
- Examine criteria related to Key Performance Indicators
Field: Specialized Knowledge
Delivery Method: Self-Study
Consultant, CPA, CGMA, CRMA, MBA, Past Chief Audit Executive
Business Consultant, Trainer, Author
Ms. Fountain has over 40 years of experience in the business profession, which includes public and industry accounting and over 20 years within internal and external auditing combined. She is a nationally recognized trainer and speaker and also a published author. She is a subject matter expert and specializes in Internal Audit, Sarbanes-Oxley, Enterprise Risk Management, Fraud, Governance and Compliance. Ms. Fountain has held two Chief Audit Executive positions for international companies. She currently performs consulting for companies on internal audit, risk management, internal controls, SSAE 18, financial reporting and accounting along with performing training. She has also been instrumental in the establishment of ERM, Sarbanes-Oxley and Governance frameworks.
Ms. Fountain has authored a publication for the Institute of Internal Auditors Research Foundation (IIARF) titled “Raise the Red Flag – The Internal Auditors Guide to Fraud Evaluations”. The publication will be released April 20, 2015. In addition, she is authoring a publication for Auerbach on “The Realities of performing the Chief Audit Executive Role”. The publication will be released in the Fall 2015. In addition, she has performed as an adjunct instructor for the School of Business for Grantham University and the School of Business at the University of Kansas.
Ms. Fountain obtained her BSBA from Pittsburg State University and her MBA from Washburn University in Kansas. She has active, current CPA, CGMA, and CRMA credentials.